Watermelon is a fruit with a high popularity. Not only because of the refreshing taste, but also because of the nutritional and health properties that owes m.in. the natural dyestuff to enter-likopenowi. Watermelon does not provide many calories and is used in slimming diets.
Watermelon is the fruit of plants in the family of gourds, originating in South Africa, where to this day growing under natural conditions. Probably around the 12TH-13th century it reached to Europe, where he quickly appreciated its large and juicy fruit. Today it is grown on an industrial scale, above all in the countries of the Mediterranean basin and other regions with warm climates, because it is a plant światłolubną, needy, too much water.
The fruit flesh is made up of more than 90% of water, which is why not only effectively refreshes, but also is a valued component of the weight loss diet or who want to keep body weight stable-100 g of watermelon supplies only 30 calories. In addition, the watermelon is characterized by high glycaemic index (75), so when his eating is followed by a fairly rapid rise in blood glucose, IE. Diabetes poposiłkowa. In recent times increasingly takes into account other indicator-glycemic load, which allows you to determine the actual impact the amount of ingested carbohydrates on blood sugar levels. In the case of watermelon is 4 (120 g of the fruit provides 4 g of carbohydrates), which is quite low and safe for health or figures.
Watermelon properties result mainly from the high content of lycopene, which is red dye from the family of carotenoids, which has a very positive impact on human health. First of all, it is a very potent antioxidant, able to effectively remove from the body of oxygen free radicals and protect cells from their harmful effects. Lycopene also helps regenerate other valuable antioxidants such as lutein or zeaxanthin.
Dye suitable color miąższowi watermelon has a positive effect on the circulatory system (lowers the level of “bad” cholesterol-LDL) and the appearance of the skin (the juice of this fruit works astringent and cleansing, helps in the treatment of inflammatory or zajadów). Lycopene is considered to be a substance with a protective anticancer action, plays a special role in the proper functioning of the prostate gland and helps to lower the risk of developing cancer of the male prostate gland. It can also inhibit the growth of cancer cells in the large intestine.
About the nutritional value of watermelon provides high levels of citrulline-organic chemical from a group of amino acids which stimulates immunity of the organism and increases levels of arginine in the blood. This improves strength and endurance, and also speeds up the muscle recovery after a big effort, for example. sports training.
Watermelon shows antibacterial and anticoagulation. Due to the high water content of fruit is a diuretic, and cleanses body of toxins. It is also effective in the treatment of edema caused by impaired heart and kidney.
Watermelon as a source of vitamins
The fruit flesh is primarily water, carbohydrates and dietary fibre. However, watermelon also provides a bit of vitamins, above all, beta-carotene (vitamin A), folic acid, vitamin C, Pantothenic acid and to a lesser extent vitamins: B1, B2 and B3 and B6.
In the composition of the watermelons we find, in turn, high content of antioxidants (m.in. lycopene, beta-carotene, lutein) and amino acids (citrulline). Antioxidants help protect the body against cancer, as well as delay the aging process of the skin. Citrulline in turn promotes the excretion of ammonia from the body. It accumulates in it especially when the diet is high protein, which most often occurs in people actively athletes.
Besides the active ingredients contained in arbuzie to improve circulatory and are helpful in removing from the harmful compounds that may accumulate after an intense workout.